Friday, December 16, 2016

Bible Technology Cards for Anthropology-Biology

Bible Technology Cards
Prepared by Alice C. Linsley

I developed this STEM-Technology Curriculum for use in Christian Schools. It has the advantage of not being either Young Earth or Darwinian. Students discover data in the Bible and check to see if the data aligns with findings in the sciences.

These can be printed and pasted on index cards. They should be laminated to protect the surfaces of the cards. I store the cards in alpha-numerical order in an index card box.

The students are required to complete 12 cards each semester. They write the questions and answers in their STEM-Technology notebooks.

Category:  Anthropology – Yellow Cards

Bible Technology Question #1 – Anthropology

Who were the “mighty men” of old?
How are they described in Genesis?
What structures did they build?

Bible Technology Question #2 – Anthropology

Esau was a royal name. The name appears twice in
Edomite King List (Genesis 36).

Who did Esau the Elder marry?
Who did Esau the Younger marry?
What is meant by calling Seir a “Horite” ruler?

Bible Technology Question #3 – Anthropology

Noah was a Proto-Saharan ruler who lived in the region
of Lake Chad in Central Africa. His descendants dispersed
out of Africa. Some sources refer to these descendants
as “Kushites.”  What evidence is there that the Kushites
moved out of Africa into Europe and the Near East?

Bible Technology Question #4 – Anthropology

The men of Abraham’s family were rulers. They are called
Ha’biru in ancient texts. The English word Hebrew comes
from Ha’biru.  Make a family tree or a diagram that shows
Abraham and his wives Sarah and Keturah.  Include his first
born sons Isaac (Sarah’s son) and Joktan (Keturah’s son).

Category:  Archaeology – Light Blue Cards

Bible Technology Question #1 – Archaeology

Eli Shukron began excavating the shrine city of Zion
in 1995. He found the 3800 year old Jebusite
“high place” that David turned into his capital. What
are 3 things that Shukron discovered?

Bible Technology Question #2 – Archaeology

Ancient document seals are called bullae. These were pieces
of clay used to secure documents . Each ruler had his own
seal.  How were bullae attached to the documents?

Bible Technology Question #3 – Archaeology

Central Africa was once very wet (African Humid Period). During
Noah’s time the rivers and lakes were so full that many became
connected.  What types of boats were used during the African
Humid Period? What is the Dufuna boat?

Bible Technology Question #4 – Archaeology

Central Africa was once very wet. This is called the African
Humid Period or the Aqualithic Period. During Noah’s time
the rivers and lakes were so full that they  were connected. 
What types of boats were used during the African
Humid Period?  What is the Dufuna boat?

Category: Architecture – Pink Cards

Bible Technology Question #1 – Architecture

Joseph married the daughter of the priest of On (Heliopolis).
This was a shrine city dedicated to the Creator whose
emblem was the Sun. Heliopolis means “City of the Sun” in
Greek. The people who lived there called the city iunu. What
does iunu mean?

Bible Technology Question #2 – Architecture

Shrine cities were built near water at high elevations. The
Bible refers to these fortified settlements as “high places”
because they were built on cliffs for defense. The ruler
lived there, as did the royal priests. What 2 structures
were located in the center of the city?

Bible Technology Question #3 – Architecture

Herod the Great’s Horite ancestors lived at Petra in
modern Jordan.  This region is called “Edom” in the
Bible.  Genesis 36 lists some of the Edomite kings.  What
is another name for Petra that describes the color of
the stone there?

Bible Technology Question #4 – Architecture

Solomon’s temple had twin pillars at the main entrance;
one at the south and the other at the north side the
entrance. These were called Joachin (south side pillar) and
Boaz (north). What direction did the temple entrance face?
Why was this orientation important to Abraham’s people?

Category: Astronomy - Green Cards

Bible Technology Question  #1 – Astronomy

The Wise Men (Magi) followed a bright light in the night
sky that was visible for a period of months in the constellation
of Leo (lion). The “Star of Bethlehem” was an astronomical
singularity.  What does this mean?

Bible Technology Question #2 – Astronomy

Plato studied for 13 years in Egypt. He reports that the priests
of the ancient Nile had been observing the heavens for 10,000
years.  Much of their knowledge of astronomy was passed
along to the priests and wise men among Abraham’s people.

What does this suggest about the “Wise Men” whose
ancestors came to Babylon from Judah?

Bible Technology Question #3 – Astronomy

The software Starry Night tracks celestial events in the
past, present and future. It can be used to predict eclipses. It
has been used to determine the time of Jesus’ birth by the
dating the appearance of the Star of Bethlehem.  According
to this software Jesus was born at the beginning of the Jewish
New Year in what year?

Bible Technology Question # 4 – Astronomy

By 4245 BC the priests of the Nile had established a calendar
based on the appearance of the star Sirius. Sirius becomes visible
to the naked eye once every 1,461 years. How did these priests
know about Sirius without the benefit of telescopes? (For a clue,
see BTQ#2 – Astronomy.)

Bible Technology Question #5 – Astronomy

In 241 BC, Manetho reported that priests of the archaic world
had been star-gazing as early as 40,000 year ago. Marks made
at archaic rock shelters suggest  that he was correct. What
marks on the walls of caves represent heavenly bodies? (For a
clue, see BTQ#3 – linguistics.)

Bible Technology Question #6 – Astronomy

Plato was born about 400 years before Jesus. While studying
in Egypt he learned about the Great Year. This is also known
as “The Platonic Year.” NASA define the Great Year as "The
period of one complete cycle of the equinoxes around the
ecliptic, that is, one complete cycle of axial precession.  About
how long does it take to complete the cycle?

Bible Technology Question #7 – Astronomy

Among Abraham’s Nilotic ancestors the Dung Beetle was a
sacred symbol of the Creator. This beetle navigates by observing
something in the night sky. What does the Dung Beetle use to
guide it?

The dung ball was a symbol of the Sun.  In what sense would the
Beetle be understood as a representation of the Creator God?

Category: Biology – Dark Blue Cards

Bible Technology Card #1 - Biology

Horotely describes the rate at which an organism can 
change over time. It indicates a genetic boundary/limit
beyond which the organism cannot change even if the
mutation rate is high. This word relates to the words
Horus (fixer of boundaries), oros landmark/term),
horizon and hour.

Does the data in Genesis support the idea that humans
and apes evolved from a common ancestor?

Bible Technology Card #2 - Biology

The Biblical word “kinds” does not correspond to
The modern terms “species” but instead speaks of
the essence of a group of creatures. That is to say, the
fishness of fish or the camelness of camels. This is a
philosophical view known as essentialism.

How is the essentialist worldview different from the
evolutionary worldview?

Students can find the answers by researching the topic here: Technology and STEM Education Curriculum.

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