Edom is an ancient territory that plays a significant role in the development of the Messianic Faith that is fulfilled in Jesus Messiah. This article highlights the prestige and antiquity of Edom.
Genesis 36 lists some of the chiefs of Edom. Edom and Seir are linked in the Song of Deborah and Barak in Judges 5:3-4:
"Listen, O kings! Give ear, O princes! I will sing to the LORD; I will sing praise to the LORD, the God of Israel. O LORD, when You went out from Seir, when You marched from the land of Edom, the earth trembled, the heavens poured out rain, and the clouds poured down water."Seir the Horite Hebrew was a ruler in Edom. His palace and royal temple would have been built at a high elevation on Mount Seir. Mount Seir is mentioned 15 times in the Old Testament and Seir 14 times.
Deuteronomy 68:8 declares, "The LORD came from Sinai and dawned upon us from Seir; He shone forth from Mount Paran and came with myriads of holy ones, with flaming fire at His right hand."
The antiquity and prestige of the Edomite rulers and Teman of Edom is expressed in Jeremiah's reference to these as ancient seats of wisdom (Jeremiah 49:7). Genesis 36 explains, "These are the kings who reigned in the land of Edom, before any king reigned over the children of Israel."
Dr. Thomas E. Levy stated, "Only a complex society such as a paramount chiefdom or primitive kingdom would have the organizational know-how to produce copper metal on such an industrial scale."
Some of those red people were rulers in Edom (Gen. 36) In Hebrew edom means red. Esau of Edom is described as “red” in Genesis 26. Seth is often portrayed as a red hippo. The word Adam is related to red, the color of the soil (adamah) from which he was formed.
Edom is the name of the region in which Abraham the Hebrew established his territory. His territory extended between Hebron and Beersheba. Sarah, his half-sister wife, lived in Hebron and Keturah, his cousin bride, resided in Beersheba. The people who lived in Edom had a reddish skin tone. That is why the Greeks called this region Idumea, meaning "land of red people."
The intermarriage of the Hebrew of Edom and Seir is evident in analysis of the data of Genesis chapter 36. Esau was a ruler in Edom. His wife Adah was Hittite relative. The Hebrew rulers practiced bride exchange to strengthen their ruler-priest caste.