Sunday, January 7, 2018

Disconnections Between Evolutionary Theory and Reality

These coccoid Staphylococcus cells move very easily and can reproduce aggressively. 

Organic scientists have long speculated that the shape of an organism is correlated to its movement (motility). Human anatomical structure correlates to our walking upright and this was true for archaic humans 3-4 million years ago. 

However, scientists have found that this correlation of morphology and motility is not a law of biology. This is the case in the study of  the shape of bacteria.

The research of Stuart Humphries “has produced evidence that these theoretical predictions don’t match reality, at least in this group of bacteria, and it therefore makes a major contribution to our understanding of the evolution of bacteria.”

In this article, Darwinian scientists discuss the surprising shape of bacteria. Some go so far as to admit that "Darwinian theory is broken and may not be fixable."

Read the article on Bacteria Evolution here. Related reading: Reshaping our ides of bacterial evolution

Common Ancestry of Apes and Humans

If we accept the biblical assertion that humans were created in the image of God (with all that means) then we must conclude that humans are a special creation and have been from the beginning. The order of creation indicates a hierarchy of organic life developing over time. This aligns with the evolutionary scheme. However, when it comes to humans, the fossil record indicates that they appeared suddenly on Earth about 4 million years ago.

Paleoanthropologists have made amazing discoveries in the past decade. So much so that it has become necessary to rethink existing models of human origins and development. New fossils do not always support existing hypotheses. Also labels such as Neanderthal, Australopithecus, and A. anamensis cause confusion, and individual egos get in the way. To simplify, it appears that the physical features identified in early hominid fossils from Africa to Asia correlate to the range of features found in modern human populations. So much so, that it is more helpful and probably more accurate to speak simply of archaic humans and modern humans.

Gradualism is a principle of evolution. It requires many millions of years for the emergence of a new species. The origin of new species usually equates with the extinction of older ones (horotelic evolution). Rapidly or slowly changing lines may be horotelic during certain episodes in their history. In contrast, lines that exhibit little or no morphological change over a 100 million years or more are called "bradytelic." Applying these terms to hominid fossils ranging from 500,000 to 4 million years leads to the conclusion that there were multiple prototypes of modern humans that became extinct. Some lines were not well adapted for survival. Does this prove that humans and apes have a common ancestor? No. 

It does suggest that there are genetic boundaries. It explains why apes give birth to apes and humans to humans, and calls into question the semantics of evolutionary theory. 

As a fascinating and perhaps inconvenient point of information, the term "horotely" is derived from the Greek word "horos" for boundary or horizon, which is related to the ancient Egyptian word Horus, the son of God, who was said to be the fixer of boundaries, and the God of the Two Horizons (East-West).

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